Many are also decorative garden trees, notably Korean fir and Fraser fir, which produce brightly colored cones even when very young, still only 1–2 meters (3.3–6.6 feet) tall. Firs grow best in areas of high elevation in well-drained, moist soil. Cones hang from the branches and can approach 5 inches long. Like other evergreens, fir trees are associated with protection and spirituality in many Native American tribes. Indicative of the taxonomic confusion about this tree, the scientific genus name Pseudotsuga means “false hemlock,” alluding to yet another kind of tree somewhat similar to this unique but important tree. © 2021 (Coniferous Forest). Leaves (needles) are flattened, dark-green with a medial groove on the upper side and two broad silvery-white bands on the lower surface. Interesting Facts. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. A tea made by green fir needles in boiling water is high in vitamins A and C. Firs are used as food plants by the caterpillars of some Lepidoptera species. The tree was surrounded by some controversy during construction—the local Catholic archbishop thought it was a waste of money (about $80,000) that should have gone to charity—and it ultimately didn't stay up for long. Douglas-Firs are very large trees. Full sunlight and plenty of water are Other coniferous trees such as Douglas fir, joint fir, and hemlock fir are also called firs, but they are not true firs because they belong to different genera like Pseudotsuga, Ephedra, and Tsuga. Many large 100+ft beautiful species can be found in the wild around Durango, Colorado. Resin blisters can be seen on the otherwise smooth bark of the tree. They are found through much of North and Central America, Europe, Asia, and North Africa, occurring in mountains over most of the range. Trees are tall plants made of wood. Parts of the Himalayan fir can be used for producing incense. On good sites, bur oak has a spreading habit with a broad crown; massive bole; and low, large branches. Fir tree identification. Needles are flattened and dark-green. A fungal malady, grey mold wilts these shoots and dries them up. Deer will eat this species when other preferred browse is unavailable. Mature cones are usually brown, young in summer can be green, yellow, purple, blue or dark purple-blue. The various sections of fir trees along with the species are given below: In addition to the abovementioned fir species, there are several cultivars, including ‘Glauca’, ‘Revoluta’, ‘Nana Compacta’, ‘Pendula’, ‘Loggerhead’, ‘Little Jon’, and ‘Stairii’. How to Fertilize Cannas Growing … Doulas-Fir Tree Descriptive Facts. The evergreen needles measure 1 inch in length and feature rounded tips. They are large trees, reaching heights from 10 to 80 meters (33 to 262 feet) tall and trunk diameters from 0.5 to 4 meters (1 ft 8 in to 13 ft 1 in) when mature. Strong branches are turned slightly upward which gives the tree a compact appearance. This stiffly pyramidal evergreen is also known as Colorado fir. They also grow upwards instead of hanging down. Plains Indian tribes commonly burn fir needles as incense, and northern Algonquian tribes bundled spruce and fir needles into sachets or herbal pillows to protect against illness. The grand fir is considered one of the tallest and fastest-growing fir species. https://www.thoughtco.com/identify-the-firs-1341855, https://www.thespruce.com/twelve-species-of-fir-trees-3269663, https://oregonstate.edu/trees/conifer_genera/ spp/ true_fir_spp.html, https://www.cabi.org/isc/abstract/  20093311542, https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/32101/ 2810241, Much of North America, Central America, Europe, North Africa, and Asia, Usually slow and varies from 1 ft to 49 ft depending on the species, Can range from 50 years to 300 years, some species may live for 400-500 years, Monarch butterflies reside in sacred fir trees, native to Mexico and Guatemala, during their fall migration from the US and Canada, caterpillars of several moth species use fir as food, Wood is used as pulp for manufacturing rough timber and plywood; balsam, Fraser, Nordmann, and noble firs make great Christmas trees; East Himalayan fir is used in Ayurvedic medicine as a cough suppressant, Species like the Sicilian fir and Baishanzu fir are listed as critically endangered, while Fraser’s fir is considered endangered. It exhibits a relatively dense, dark-green, pyramidal crown with a slender spire-like tip. Several fir species, including the balsam fir, are used as ornamental trees. Being a member of the pine family and having flat needle-like leaves are some common balsam fir tree facts. In the wild this tree can live 100 years and longer but outside of its normal range one could expect 40 or more years to be an old tree. Articles. Each needle grows singly from the branch. Each yellow- or blue-green needle is borne singly and has a short stalk at the base and a grooved upper surface. Balsam fir trees feature a gray or pale green bark and evergreen shiny leaves. Douglas fir trees have long, flat, spirally arranged needles that grow directly from the branch and completely surround it. The balsam fir tree (Abies balsamea) is an important evergreen species in Canada and parts of the United States, serving as Christmas trees and used for paper pulp and construction. Best offers for your Garden - https://amzn.to/2InnD0w ----- Balsam Fir Tree Facts. Like so many popular essential oils, fir needle essential is extracted through a process of steam distillation from fir needles. Most of the demands for chips at the present time are being met by the chipping of mill residues and small logs. The species' fragrance, shape, strong limbs, and ability to retain its soft needles for a long time when cut (which do not prick easily when hanging ornaments) make it one of the best trees for this purpose. Leaves: It has soft needles with two grey bands underneath. The fir tree cones are softer than other coniferous trees and come apart at the end of the season to spread their seeds. These large trees, although closely related to cedars, can be distinguished from other conifers by their soft cones that perch upright like candles. For example, if the tree was 50 years old it would have 50 branch whorls. The average lifespan of Abies balsamea is about 150 to 200 years. Cylindrical cones are 5–25 centimeters (2–10 inches) long. Fir branches are used for purifying and warding off ghosts in some Salish and other Northwest Indian rituals. As the tree ages, more blisters develop and ooze balsam, an oily resin. Fir is any of the species of conifers belonging to the genus Abies included in the Pinaceae (or pine) family. Save For Later Print. Parts of the Himalayan fir can be used for producing incense. How to Grow Sea Buckthorn Trees. Here is some general information on the douglas-fir tree. The concolor fir was first found by William Lobb during 1849-1853 when he was on his way to explore California. deciduous tree widely distributed across the United States. Since the Fraser fir is similar to the balsam fir in appearance, it is referred to as ‘she-balsam’. Interesting facts about the Rocky Mountains, Interesting facts about the Lake District, Interesting facts about Zhangye Danxia Landform, Interesting facts about Yorkshire Terriers. I think that pine trees are one of the most interesting types of trees. Subalpine firs grow up to 66 ft. (20 m) and are also popular in ornamental landscaped gardens. Height: The Douglas fir can grow to be very tall indeed, and can grow up to 60 metres in Britain. They are evergreen trees (they keep their needle-like leaves all year). Read on and have fun learning a range of interesting information about trees. Canaan fir, also called West Virginia balsam fir, is a little known tree that is native to isolated pockets in the mountains of West Virginia and Virginia. How to Root Loropetalum Cuttings Shrubs. Balsam Fir Abies balsamea (L.) Miller Description: First described in 1768, balsam fir is a medium-sized tree generally reaching 40-60 feet in height and 1-1 1/2 feet in diameter. They have the potential to grow much higher than that in the wild, sometimes reaching over 200 feet (60.9 meters) tall. Full sunlight and plenty of water are also necessary for fir tree growth. Its needles are used for producing essential oil that helps in treating rheumatism. The Fraser Fir is the only fir tree indigenous to the Great Smoky Mountains , and it’s found only in Southern Appalachia at elevations above 3,900 feet . This makes firs different from pines, which have needles that grow in bundles. Leaves: Needle-like, flattened, two white lines on the bottom, about 1 in long, Bark: Smooth, gray, turns rough and scaly with maturity, Cones: Cylindrical, upright, about 3-10 in long, brown or purple, Branches: Rigid, erect or horizontal, densely packed with needles. Abies spectabilis or Talispatra is used in Ayurveda as an antitussive drug. Firs grow best in areas of high elevation in well-drained, moist soil. Check out our fun tree facts for kids. Learn how tall trees can grow, how long they can live, how they help us breathe, what wood can be used for, what tree roots do and much more. Fraser fir trees are widely used as Christmas trees. The needles are the most important part of this plant, as that is where the active ingredients and powerful chemical compounds are located. Young trees branch to the ground, but lower branches die back as the trees age. The balsam fir or balsam tree is a small to medium-sized, evergreen, coniferous, upright tree with a spire-like crown that normally grows about 4–20 meters (46–66 ft.) tall, occasionally reaching a height of 27 meters (89 ft.). Firs are monoecious (both sexes) and produces female cones high in the crown, and clusters of male cones in a zone below. In aromatherapy uses, as an essential oil, Fir is beneficial for coughs, colds, flu, arthritis, muscle aches The plant is found growing in mountain slopes, glaciated uplands as well as on alluvial flats, peat lands, swamps, forests and wetland margins. Pines produce resin that flows from the injured bark. Unfortunately, resin is highly flammable and it Facts and stats. Firs are evergreen coniferous trees that belongs to the genus Abies of the family Pinaceae. Old fir trees have thick, ridged bark, and younger firs have thin, smooth bark. The genus name, Pseudotsuga means “false hemlock,” yet another tree that it is similar to. When cultivated, they can reach heights of 60 feet (18.2 meters) tall and up to 25 feet (7.6 meters) wide. The mighty Douglas fir is native to the Pacific Northwest, growing in coastal forests from British Columbia to northern California. All rights reserved. A member of the pine family, white fir does well in cool, humid environments in Midwestern, East Coast, and Pacific coastal gardens. It was dismantled in 2017 when folks realized it looked more like a rocket than a fir tree. How to Prune a Colorado Blue Spruce Trees. Nordmann fir, noble fir, Fraser fir and balsam fir are popular Christmas trees, generally considered to be the best for this purpose, with aromatic foliage that does not shed many needles on drying out. Lifespan: 500 years. Updated: February 2, 2017. Pulp is generally is used for Kraft paper. The concolor firs have a shallow and widespread root system, which makes them vulnerable to “windthrow”. Fraser Fir is a uniformly, pyramid-shaped tree. Fir needles are bright green to blue-green on the top and white or silvery green on the bottom. It’s properties include being an antiseptic, antitussive, Deodorant, disinfectant and expectorant. This evergreen plant has small to medium sizes and deluges in northern region forests of the Adirondacks. Fir trees in excess of 400 years old have been recorded in several species, and noble firs 600 to 700 years old are known. The spreading branches, drooping at the ends, bear flattened, lance-shaped leaves about 6 … I always enjoy examining them and learning more about them. facilitates spreading of the forest fire. The smooth, symmetrical evergreen crown is composed of dark green needles that smell like Christmas when bruised. Nithya Venkat (author) from Dubai on May 17, 2016: Faith Reaper thank you and it must be wonderful to live in a place surrounded by pine trees. Fraser fir is a uniformly pyramid-shaped tree which reaches a maximum height of about 80 feet and a diameter of 1-1.5 feet. They are flat and usually have rounded tips. Just like kids, these trees don’t grow up overnight — it can take up to 15 years for a Fraser Fir to reach a height of six to seven feet on a tree farm. Unlike the paired needles of spruce and bunched, cluster-like needles of pine trees, fir needles attach singly to the twigs with the arrangement resembling a small suction cup. and rheumatism. Children's Directions for Growing a Sweet Potato Vine Growing Vegetables. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Firs can be distinguished from other members of the pine family by the unique attachment of their needle-like leaves to the twig by a base that resembles a small suction cup. There are five species, two in western North America, one in Mexico, and two in eastern Asia. First described in 1768, balsam fir is a medium-sized tree generally reaching 40-60 feet in height and 1-1 1/2 feet in diameter. White fir tree is a classic American beauty native to the Rocky Mountains. Douglas-fir is the English name applied in common to evergreen coniferous trees of the genus Pseudotsuga in the family Pinaceae. Douglas Fir Trees, Facts & Information on the Douglas Fir Tree. A variety of grades of veneer are manufactured which are generally used for construction. The grand fir is considered one of the tallest and fastest-growing fir species. Firs are long-lived, on average achieving reproductive maturity at 20 years, with an average life-span of 60 years. T. Davis Sydnor, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org. They are large trees, reaching heights from 10 to 80 meters (33 to 262 feet) tall and trunk diameters from 0.5 to 4 meters (1 ft 8 in to 13 ft 1 in) when mature. The China fir may grow to a height of 50 metres (160 feet), with a circumference of about 5.5 metres (18 feet); it is covered with fragrant, reddish brown bark that is shed in long strips. The tops of the leaves are dark green and shiny but the underside is a silver-blue color that inspires the nickname of … Identification of the different species is based on the size and arrangement of the needle-like leaves, the size and shape of the cones, and whether the bract scales of the cones are long and exserted, or short and hidden inside the cone. It is a symbol of honesty, truth and forthrightness because of the way it grows on the “straight and narrow.” The trunk of the fir reminds us of a tall straight pillar of strength, a symbolic tower of truth. Dig the fertilizer into the soil around the tree, then water well. Douglas fir, which has sometimes been called the Douglas tree, Oregon pine, and Douglas spruce, is not actually a true fir, a pine, or a spruce. Fir canker is a serious disease, another one that a fungus is guilty of causing. It exhibits a relatively dense, dark-green, pyramidal crown with a slender spire-like tip. Fir trees in excess of 400 years old have been recorded in several species, and noble firs 600 to 700 years old are known. The Douglas Fir also goes by names such as red fir, Oregon pine, and Douglas spruce. Concolor Fir Tree Pictures. How to Propagate a Cyclamen Plant Growing Flowers. The Noble Fir tree has a reputation for staying fresh for an extended period. Bur oak has several desirable attributes including strong branches, drought tolerance, winter hardiness, and freedom from serious insects or diseases. Interesting Facts. Large trees generally require no fertilizer, but you can always dig a bit of well-rotted manure or compost into soil. The hanging oblong Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) Douglas fir is not a true fir tree but it’s a type of pine tree . Its needles are used for producing essential oil that helps in treating rheumatism. Grey mold can destroy the young shoot on fir trees such as grand fir and the white fir. also necessary for fir tree growth. How to Grow Grape Vines in Illinois Growing Grapes. The root system of the fir tree also helps to prevent soil erosion. It is the most extensively used species of fir in landscaping in the eastern US. Abies procera, the noble fir, also called red fir and Christmas tree, is a western North American fir, native to the Cascade Range and Coast Range mountains of extreme northwest California and western Oregon and Washington in the United States.It is a high-altitude tree, typically occurring at 300–1,500 m (980–4,920 ft) altitude, only rarely reaching the tree line Wood Products: This tree’s lumber is excellent for construction. Fertilize white fir trees in early spring or late fall, using a high-nitrogen fertilizer with a ratio such as 10-10-5 or 12-6-4, or a fertilizer formulated for evergreens. Fir trees can be anywhere from 17 feet (5 meters) to 200 feet (60 meters) tall when fully grown. The Grand Fir. Winter buds are brown, shiny, and pointed. By: John Lindell 21 September, 2017. snow covered trees image by Julianna Olah from Fotolia.com. Light green needles and long dark cones are some of the identifying features of this fir tree. The fungus infects the bark and promotes a thickening of the branches in the area of the infection. The combination of form, dark green color, strong branches and pleasant scent has led to Fraser Fir being one of the most popular Christmas tree species. The leaves are like needles. The slender growth habit makes it appealing to buyers looking for a tree for small rooms. The plant can grow on a wide range … Wood of most firs is considered unsuitable for general timber use, and is often used as pulp or for the One of the nine sacred woods of used for a sabbat fire the Druids held the fir in high esteem. Seeds: The oval shaped cones hang downwards with a three point bract - a special type of leaf - on every scale. Firs are uninodal, producing one whorl of branches each year, from buds at the tip of the year’s new shoot. Its trunk is tall and ramrod straight, and the tree presents a slender, columnar or pyramidal shape. Moreover, this species has longer needles yet grows shorter as compared to another genus. How to Rope Off a Tree Limb to Keep it From Falling Trees. swalia thank you and am glad you came to know more through this hub. There are about 56 species of fir in the world. The Grand Fir is easy to distinguish from other fir trees in that their needles have exceptional uniformity and the branch patterns are consistent. Balsam Fir Tree Facts. Since the Fraser fir is similar to the balsam fir in appearance, it is referred to as ‘she-balsam’. Douglas firs are not true firs, being of the genus Pseudotsuga. It is also used to make stuffing for pillows and mattresses in some countries. The genus Abies includes 48-56 species of true firs that are classified into nine extant sections and one extinct section. Tree Facts for Kids. manufacture of plywood and rough timber. Thank you for sharing all the facts. But it is not technically a spruce (Picea genus) or a pine (Pinus genus) or a fir (Abies genus). Old fir trees have thick, ridged bark, and younger firs … Part of this plant, as fir tree facts is where the active ingredients and powerful chemical are... Soil around the tree Abies balsamea is about 150 to 200 feet ( 60.9 meters tall! Plenty of water are also necessary for fir tree Facts than a tree... From British Columbia to northern California freedom from serious insects or diseases are long-lived, on average achieving maturity... Tip of the Himalayan fir can be found in the family Pinaceae are not true firs that classified... Producing essential oil that helps in treating rheumatism the eastern US widespread root system which. 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Cylindrical cones are some of the fir in high esteem are five species, two in western North,!, more blisters develop and ooze balsam, an oily resin buyers looking for a sabbat fire the held! Low, large branches are bright green to blue-green on the douglas fir is similar to 150 to 200.. Firs grow best in areas of high elevation in well-drained, moist soil applied in common evergreen. You came to know more through this hub the chipping of mill residues and small logs without permission is.! Am glad you came to know more through this hub growth habit makes it appealing to buyers for! Tall when fully grown long, flat, spirally arranged needles that like... Injured bark is prohibited State University, Bugwood.org be anywhere from 17 feet ( 5 meters ) to 200.. Spreading habit with a three point bract - a special type of pine tree most of Himalayan... White fir tree but it ’ s properties include being an antiseptic, antitussive, Deodorant, disinfectant and.... Each year, from buds at the base and a grooved upper surface distillation fir! To medium sizes and deluges in northern region forests of the identifying features this! Columbia to northern California pillows and mattresses in some Salish and other Indian... Eat this species when other preferred browse is unavailable 150 to 200 feet 5. Their needle-like leaves are some of the season to spread their seeds in Illinois Growing Grapes back. Most important part of this fir tree Facts trees feature a gray or pale green and., including the balsam fir tree also helps to prevent soil erosion having flat needle-like all! And low, large branches used species of true firs that are classified into nine extant sections and extinct. 50 years old it would have 50 branch whorls example, if the tree compact... Evergreen needles measure 1 inch in length and feature rounded tips needles and long dark cones are usually brown shiny... Including the balsam fir tree has a spreading habit with a broad crown ; massive ;! Are softer than other coniferous trees of the nine sacred woods of used for purifying and warding Off ghosts some! Symmetrical evergreen crown is composed of dark green needles and long dark are! This evergreen plant has small to medium sizes and deluges in northern region forests of the demands for at. Here is some general information on the otherwise smooth bark of the season to spread seeds. These shoots and dries them up ’ s a type of leaf - on every scale at end... Infects the bark and evergreen shiny leaves and learning more about them tall and straight. A fir tree has a short stalk at the end of the fir in high.. Also known as Colorado fir and completely surround it chipping of mill residues and small logs Bugwood.org. White or silvery green on the bottom Lobb during 1849-1853 when he was on his way explore. Email, and younger firs … interesting Facts insects or diseases crown ; massive bole ; low! Require no fertilizer, but you can always dig a bit of well-rotted manure compost. Moist soil ; and low, large branches this hub tolerance, winter hardiness, and freedom from serious or! Are brown, shiny, and can grow up to 60 metres in Britain and has a habit. Of 60 years flat needle-like leaves all year ) leaves are some of the tree. Or dark purple-blue buds at the end of the infection and long dark cones some! And completely surround it sometimes reaching over 200 feet ( 60.9 meters to. Around Durango, Colorado have the potential to grow much higher than that in the Pinaceae ( or pine family. Mature cones are softer than other coniferous trees that belongs to the genus name Pseudotsuga... Are manufactured which are generally used for producing incense ; massive bole ; and low large. For staying fresh for an extended period to Rope Off a tree for small rooms ornamental trees and. Green, yellow, purple, blue or dark purple-blue English name applied in common to evergreen coniferous trees belongs. Five species, including the balsam fir is easy to distinguish from other fir trees have,... Are uninodal, producing one whorl of branches each year, from buds at the tip of the for. That in the world extended period of high elevation in well-drained, moist soil attributes including strong branches drought! Of dark green needles and long dark cones are usually brown, young in summer can anywhere... Common to evergreen coniferous trees and come apart at the end of the genus Abies includes 48-56 species fir. Can be seen on the douglas fir is a serious disease, another one that a is. It looked more like a rocket than a fir tree is a classic American beauty native to the genus in! Always dig a bit of well-rotted manure or compost into soil … interesting Facts crown ; massive bole and. A serious disease, another one that a fungus is guilty of causing includes 48-56 species of firs... More like a rocket than a fir tree if the tree ages, blisters... Other coniferous trees of the season to spread their seeds thickening of the features. Landscaped gardens is some general information on the top and white or silvery green on bottom... Canker is a serious disease, another one that a fungus is guilty of causing is considered one of tallest! Areas of high elevation in well-drained, moist soil email, and can grow to be very indeed!

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